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Professor Pierce wrote this essay for inclusion in a symposium on the future of agency adjudication:

In 1946, Congress and the Supreme Court unanimously embraced a method of conducting agency adjudications. We abandoned that method gradually through a variety of steps that we have taken in the ensuing years. We should return to the original model for conducting agency adjudications.

In section one, I describe and evaluate the method of agency adjudication that Congress adopted in the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946 after years of study and debate. In section two, I describe and criticize the changes that we have made in that method. In section three, I explain why a return to the original 1946 method of agency adjudication is entirely consistent with the Supreme Court’s recent emphasis on separation of powers.

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